By Lily L. Tsai
This e-book examines the basic factor of ways voters get executive officers to supply them with the roads, faculties, and different public prone they wish via learning groups in rural China. In authoritarian and transitional platforms, formal associations for containing executive officers in charge are frequently vulnerable. the reply, Lily L. Tsai came upon, lies in a community's social associations. even if formal democratic and bureaucratic associations of responsibility are susceptible, executive officers can nonetheless be topic to casual ideas and norms created by way of neighborhood solidary teams that experience earned excessive ethical status locally.
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Extra resources for Accountability Without Democracy: Solidary Groups and Public Goods Provision in Rural China
As one village Party secretary in the Xiamen area of Fujian observed: “True, the township is supposed to ‘guide’ us, but does that mean I’m allowed to ignore what they tell me to do? No. ” Others have observed that the appointment or election of ofﬁcials to the village Party branch can be responsive to input from villagers. Susan Lawrence, for example, has noted that in some places when village Party members meet after village committee elections to elect a village Party secretary, they may decide that someone who has lost the village committee election should not be the village Party secretary.
Even the meager funding that is available from higher levels often does not get allocated to the localities that need them the most. 9 These earmarked funds often require local governments to meet high “matching contribution” requirements, which eliminate the neediest localities from consideration. Successfully obtaining these funds also depends to a large extent on one’s personal connections with higher-level ofﬁcials. Local governments put together proposals to apply to higher levels for these funds, but competition is ﬁerce and the playing ﬁeld is not level.
No. ” Others have observed that the appointment or election of ofﬁcials to the village Party branch can be responsive to input from villagers. Susan Lawrence, for example, has noted that in some places when village Party members meet after village committee elections to elect a village Party secretary, they may decide that someone who has lost the village committee election should not be the village Party secretary. Susan V. Lawrence, “Village Democracy,” Far Eastern Economic Review 163 ( January 27, 2000), 16–17.