By Ali Almossawi
“A faultless compendium of flaws.” —Alice Roberts, PhD, anatomist, author, and presenter of The marvelous Human Journey
The antidote to fuzzy pondering, with hairy animals!
Have you learn (or stumbled into) one too many irrational on-line debates? Ali Almossawi definitely had, so he wrote An Illustrated booklet of undesirable Arguments! this useful advisor is right here to carry the net age a much-needed dose of old-school good judgment (really old-school, a la Aristotle).
Here are cogent reasons of the straw man fallacy, the slippery slope argument, the ad hominem assault, and different universal makes an attempt at reasoning that truly fall short—plus a superbly drawn menagerie of animals who (adorably) devote each logical faux pas. Rabbit thinks an odd mild within the sky must be a flying saucers simply because nobody can end up in a different way (the attract ignorance). And Lion doesn’t think that gasoline emissions damage the planet simply because, if that were real, he wouldn’t just like the consequence (the argument from consequences).
Once you learn how to realize those abuses of cause, they begin to crop up in every single place from congressional debate to YouTube comments—which makes this geek-chic publication a must for a person within the behavior of protecting opinions.
Read or Download An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments PDF
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Extra info for An Illustrated Book of Bad Arguments
Each of the fallacies has just one page of explanation, which I hope will make them easy to digest and remember. • • • Many years ago, I spent part of my time writing software specifications using first-order predicate logic. It was an intriguing way of reasoning, using mathematics rather than the usual notation—English. It brought precision where there was potential ambiguity and rigor where there had formerly been some hand-waving. During the same time, I perused a few books on propositional logic, both modern and medieval, one of which was Robert Gula’s Nonsense: A Handbook of Logical Fallacies [Gula].
Of course, just because someone has been inconsistent about his position does not mean that his position cannot be correct. 8 Although the sequence of events may be possible—each transition occurring with some probability—this type of argument assumes that every transition is inevitable—while providing no evidence in support of that. This fallacy plays on the fears of an audience and is related to a number of other fallacies, such as the appeal to fear, the false dilemma, and the argument from consequences.
Whether or not the proposed healthcare system resembles that of socialist countries has no bearing whatsoever on whether it is good or bad; it is a complete non sequitur. ” Essentially, what these examples try to argue is that some group of people is absolutely and categorically bad. Hence, sharing even a single attribute with that group would make one a member of it, which would then bestow on one all the evils associated with that group. Informal Fallacy › Red Herring › Guilt by Association Affirming the Consequent One of several valid formal arguments is known as modus ponens (the mode of affirming) and takes the following form: If A then C, A; hence C.