By H Grabke, M Schütze
Steel dusting is a sort of corrosion concerning the disintegration of metals and alloys right into a airborne dirt and dust of graphite and steel debris whilst uncovered to a carburizing surroundings. this crucial ebook studies the criteria affecting steel dusting and the way it may be avoided in sectors resembling the chemical and petrochemical industries and within the direct aid of iron ores. It additionally considers the comparable corrosion phenomena of carburization and nitridation.
After an introductory bankruptcy starting up the most important techniques desirous about steel dusting, the publication studies how this corrosion strategy impacts a number of metals equivalent to iron and metal, in addition to nickel-based and chromium-based high-temperature alloys. There are chapters at the results of specific gasoline combos at the corrosion method and at the use of coatings to avoid steel dusting. tactics keen on carburization and nitridation also are defined and discussed.
With its unique editors and workforce of participants, Corrosion by means of carbon and nitrogen is a precious reference for all these all in favour of figuring out and fighting those corrosion techniques in a number of industries.
- Reviews this corrosion technique and the way it impacts the petrochemical and different industries
- Discusses the influence of specific fuel combos at the corrosion process
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Additional resources for Corrosion by Carbon and Nitrogen. Metal Dusting, Carburisation and Nitridation
25. M Müller-Lorenz; A. Schneider: ISIJ Int. 41 (2001) Supplement S1– S8. 26. ; J. Zhang and G. Inden: Corrosion Sci. 44 (2002) 2353, 45 (2003) 281. 27. Forseth, S. J. Grabke: unpublished. 28. D. A. Ramanarayanan: J. Electrochem. Soc. 147 (2000) 3680–3686. 29. M. J. Grabke: Mat. Corr. 50 (1999) 614–621. 30. ; R. J. Grabke: Mat. Corr. 50 (1999) 622–627. 31. : CRC Crit. Rev. Solid State Mater. Sci. (1978) 333–355. 32. ; R. M. Müller-Lorenz: Werkst. und Korr. 44 (1993) 89– 97. 33. M. Müller-Lorenz; B.
Pippel et al.  and Chun et al. [12–15] have significantly extended the understanding of the micro-mechanistic aspects of metal dusting of pure metals by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The Hochman proposal for the metal dusting corrosion of iron, which has been further refined by Grabke and coworkers, involves the initial formation of a metastable Fe3C carbide layer on the iron surface in the carbonsupersaturated environment. The carbide subsequently dissociates into carbon and metal particles when it is destabilized by carbon deposition, leading to the formation of ‘dust’.
16. R. J. Grabke: Archiv Eisenhüttenwes. 49 (1978) 129–133. 24 Corrosion by carbon and nitrogen 17. Meschter, P. J. Grabke: Metallurg. Trans. 10B (1979) 323–329. 18. Münster, P. J. Grabke: Berichte Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 84 (1980) 1068– 1071. 19. Münster, P. J. Grabke: Archiv Eisenhüttenwes. 51 (1980) 319–324. 20. D. A. Ramanarayanan: Mat. Corr. 50 (1999) 634– 639. 21. L. Fearing; J. A. Ruth and G. Simkovich: Solid State Ionics 12 (1984) 145–151. 22. ; G. J. Grabke; Q. Wei; E. Pippel and J. Woltersdorf: Steel Research 71 (2000) No.